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Old Fashioned Oyakodon

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What is oyakodon?

Cooking oyakodon in a oyakodon pan

Oyakodon is a simple Japanese food made with simmered chicken, eggs, and onions served in a bowl over a bed of rice. "Oyako" means "parent and child", while "don" means bowl. It's said that oyakodon was first made in the Edo period and later became popular in the Meiji period as a nutritious and simple food to make for traveling traders and workers.

The chicken, eggs, and onions go from blah to superb with the classic Japanese combination of dashi, mirin, and soysauce. If you want to be extra Japanese, leave the eggs a little undercooked.

How to Make Oyakodon

Ingredients (serves 2)

  • Boneless Chicken Thigh, 100g (about 1/4lb)
  • Onion, 1/2
  • Large Eggs, 4
  • Japanese parsley (or green onions)
  • Dashi, 4 tablespoons
  • Mirin, 4 tablespoons
  • Soysauce, 2 1/2 tablespoons
  • Sugar, 2 teaspoons


Prepare chicken, onion, and eggs

Cut chicken Beaten eggs

Take the chicken and cut it into several smaller pieces. Thinly slice the onion. Crack the eggs into a bowl and beat.


Simmering chicken Simmering chicken with onion

In a small pot, add dashi, mirin, soysauce, and sugar. Bring the mixture to a simmer over medium heat and add chicken and onion. Simmer for three minutes.

Prepare Portions, Add Some Egg

Chicken and onion in oyakodon pan Adding eggs Simmering in an oyakodon pan

Transfer one portion of the chicken and onion to a oyakodon pan, leaving room for the egg. Bring back to a simmer. Pour some of the beaten eggs on top of the chicken and onions. Add parsley (or green onions) to taste. Simmer until egg is of desired consistency.

Point: Egg Consistency

Japanese tend to prefer a somewhat undercooked egg for oyakodon, but oyakodon can be eaten with fully-cooked eggs.

For the full Japanese experience, for each portion of chicken and onions, add 3/4 of the desired amount of egg and cook simmer for 1 minute. After that, add the remaining 1/4 of the egg and simmer for an additional 30 seconds.

If you prefer fully-cooked egg, simply add all of your desired amount of egg at the beginning and simmer until you're happy with it--usually around 2 minutes.

Serve and Enjoy

Serving oyakodon

Pour the chicken/onion/egg mixture over a bowl of rice to serve. Repeat for the second portion.

Congratulations, you have added the good old fashioned oyakodon to your personal cooking repertoire!

Simple Food for the Japanese Working Man and Woman

Oyakodo is a simple but delicious, nutritious, and filling food for working men and women. With the classic sauce made with dashi, mirin, and soysauce, you can take a simple handful of ingredients and level up your Japanese cooking abilities.

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